What? The term curriculum has come to mean many things to many people. Some people have a straight-forward content-view of curriculum – the subject-matter to be taught or, what students will learn in a course of study. The idea of curriculum as set out in Wikipedia ‘the set of courses, and their content, offered at a school or university’. Kalantzis and Cope define curriculum a little more broadly, as:

The consciously designed framework for learning a body of knowledge or a set of capacities over an extended period of time—for instance, a term’s program in history or two-year program in chemistry.

This definition implies that a curriculum is something formal, which is set out in a ‘framework’ and that this content-body-of-knowledge-capacities are the consequence of forethought and deliberate choice.

Others take a more expansive view of curriculum as encompassing everything a school does to bring about learning, including the what and how of learning and teaching.

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