Chapter 2: Life in Schools

Didactic Education: The Modern Past


1 Models of Pedagogy: Didactic, Authentic and Transformative

2 Dimensions of Pedagogy

3 Didactic Pedagogy, as Felt Subjectively

4 Analyzing Didactic Pedagogy Part 1

5 Analyzing Didactic Pedagogy Part 2

6 Didactic Pedagogy Today


Winston Churchill’s School Days

Yan Pho Lee’s School Days

George Orwell’s School Days

Maintaining Classroom Discipline

Charles Darwin’s School Days

Charles Dickens Introduces Mr. Gradgrind

Audre Lorde’s School Days

Mahatma Gandhi’s School Days

13 Times 7 is 28

Authentic Education: More Recent Times


1 The Origins of Authentic Pedagogy

2 Analyzing Authentic Pedagogy Part 1

3 Analyzing Authentic Pedagogy Part 2

4 Critiques of Authentic Pedagogy


Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Emile’s Education

Maria Montessori on ‘Free, Natural’ Education

John Dewey on Progressive Education

Early Progressive Education

A.S. Neill’s Summerhill

Rabindranath Tagore’s School at Shantiniketan

Kohn on Progressive Education

A Critique of Progressive Education

Transformative Education: New Learning


1 The Social Context of Transformative Pedagogy

2 Education to Transform the Conditions of Individual and Social Life

3 Analyzing Transformative Pedagogy Part 1

4 Analyzing Transformative Pedagogy Part 2

5 Analyzing Transformative Pedagogy Part 3


Bill Gates on American Schools

Kalantzis and Cope, A Learning Journey

Transformative Education Case Studies

The MET: No Classes, No Grades and 94% Graduation Rate

Class Work

Children Learning on their Own

Discovery 1, Christchurch

Ivan Illich on ‘Deschooling’

Ken Robinson on How Schools Kill Creativity

I Did It All By Myself

Paulo Freire on Education that Liberates

Classrooms of the Heart