Keywords - Chapter 6: The Nature of Learning

Behaviourism – a theory and research science of learning that observes behaviour in animals and humans in order to study the relationships between ‘stimulus’, ‘response’ and ‘reinforcement’.

Brain developmentalism – the study of the physiology of the brain, or interpreting brain development in terms of the stages of a child’s cognitive development; also studying language to infer ‘hard-wired’ patterns of meaning and forms of thinking.

Social cognitivism – the study of the role of culture and nurture in learning, grounded in the biological affordances of body and brain.