Conditionality refers to modulations in relationships of agency between selves, others and things according to the qualities of these relationships: assertion, requirement, or possibility. These represent different kinds of agency, connecting selves, others and things. In grammars of text, these are called mood: indicative (entities acting in roles that have been, are, and will be); imperative (actions that must happen); and subjunctive (actions that might happen). In a language like English where there is minimal inflection, conditionality in text is marked by auxiliaries such as “is,” “has,” “can,” “may,” “might,” “will,” “ought,” “could,” “would,” and “should.” Grammarians and semantic theorists have come up with systems of conditionality that, for such ordinary aspects of human meaning, are alarmingly at variance with each other. We suggest a simpler alternative, able to address all forms of meaning.