Overview

Meaning directs our attention to things—we call this “reference.” Meaning tracks our activity as sensuous creatures and the other acting creatures and things of the cosmos—we call this “agency.” Meanings also hang together, with networks of interlinkage that create coherence, and where every congealed meaning is greater than the sum of its parts. We name this coherence, “structure.” Analysis of the holding together in structures, we call “ontology,” or the philosophy of what things are, their being. We identifying two kinds of binding, two kinds of ways in which things hold together in the work of meaning: in material structures (the meanings-in things themselves), and ideal structures (the meanings-for those things, the meanings we attribute to them). The process of interconnecting the material and the ideal, we call design. In forensics that analyze ontologies and their designs, we look for specific relations. This is to make our analysis more granular. However, heading in the direction of ontologies with higher levels of generality, we find ontologies encompassed by more general ontologies, or metaontologies. Structures can nest within structures. This transpositional grammar is a metaontology.

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